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ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱩᱨᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱭᱚᱡᱱᱟ

ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ- ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ

ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱵᱩᱲᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ ᱟᱥᱨᱚᱭ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱟᱞᱟᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱚᱦᱚᱛᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱮᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱚᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ  ᱠᱚ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱡᱤᱠ ᱱᱭᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤᱠ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱟᱞᱟᱭ  ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ  ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱩᱨᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ  ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱭᱚᱡᱱᱟ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱟ।

ᱥᱟᱸᱭᱩᱠᱛ ᱥᱟᱥᱴᱨᱟ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷ ᱨᱚᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ

1992 ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱸᱭᱩᱠᱛ ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨ ᱢᱟᱦᱟ ᱥᱟᱵᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ 1999  ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱚᱱᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱩᱢᱚᱨ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱡ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱩᱥᱠᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ  ᱦᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱟ ᱟᱸᱛᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱵᱩᱲᱷᱤ ᱫᱤᱵᱚᱥ (ᱟᱤ.ᱰᱤ.ᱚ.ᱯᱤ) ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱥᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱨᱮ 1 ᱟᱠᱴᱩᱵᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ । ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱵᱚᱥ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱮᱢ, ᱵᱩᱫᱷᱤᱢᱚᱛᱟ, ᱯᱨᱟᱛᱤᱥᱴᱷᱟ ᱛᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱞᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ  ᱱᱤᱥᱴᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱵᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱦᱲᱟ ᱟᱞᱟᱭ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱥᱚᱨ ᱮᱢᱚᱜ ᱟ।

ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱡᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱡᱤᱠ ᱱᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤᱛᱟ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱟᱞᱟᱭ, ᱚᱠᱟ  ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱵᱩᱲᱷᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱟᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱱᱚᱰᱟᱞ ᱢᱟᱸᱛᱨᱟᱞᱭ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ 1 ᱟᱠᱴᱩᱵᱟᱨ ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱟᱸᱛᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟ  ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱵᱩᱲᱷᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱤᱵᱚᱥ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ। ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱪᱚᱜᱚᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ  ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱚᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱲᱷᱟᱣ  ᱦᱚᱪᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ  ᱵᱮᱥ ᱚᱠᱥᱚᱨ  ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱛᱮ  ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ 2005 ᱨᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱨᱛᱤᱥᱴᱷᱤᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ  ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛᱟᱢ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ  ᱮᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱷᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ, ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ ᱟᱥᱨᱤᱛ  ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱨᱤᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱩᱱᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱣᱟ  ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹᱣ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ।

ᱟᱣᱮᱫᱚᱱ

ᱱᱚᱣᱟᱭᱚᱡᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱲᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱵᱩᱲᱷᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ, ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ  ᱵᱟᱝ ᱟᱥᱨᱤᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱟ ।

ᱩᱫᱮᱥᱭ

(ᱠ) ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢᱮᱱ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ  ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱚᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱵᱤᱥᱚᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱵᱚᱸᱫᱷᱤᱛ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮ  ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱢᱚᱦᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱫᱷᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱚᱨᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ। ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ–ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱨᱟᱴᱨᱤᱭᱮ ᱯᱩᱨᱚᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱭᱚᱡᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱸᱛᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱡ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱠ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱫᱮᱥ ᱥᱟᱸᱣ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱮᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱩᱫᱩᱜᱟ। ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱩᱣᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱡ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱮᱱᱮᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱥᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱮᱢᱚᱜ ᱟ

(ᱠᱷ) ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱵᱩᱲᱷᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱟᱥᱨᱤᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ, ᱵᱷᱟᱞᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱟᱠᱷᱩᱲ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴ ᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ  ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ।  ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱦᱩᱯᱭ ᱦᱚᱪᱚᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱪᱚ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱜᱮᱨ ᱥᱟᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱮᱡᱮᱸᱥᱤ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱮᱣᱚᱛᱟ ᱦᱚᱪᱚᱭᱟ। ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱡᱤᱠ ᱱᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱟᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤᱛᱟ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱟᱞᱚᱭ (ᱤᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱟᱞᱚᱭ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭ ᱯᱨᱛᱤᱴᱷᱤᱛ ᱜᱟᱭᱨ ᱥᱟᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱥᱚᱸᱜᱚᱴᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ, ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱚ ᱵᱨᱤᱫᱷᱡᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱨᱤᱥᱟᱫ  ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱠᱷᱩᱲ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱸᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱯᱷᱤᱠᱠᱤ, ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱩᱫᱭᱚᱜ ᱯᱟᱨᱤᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷ, ᱮᱥᱚᱪᱮᱢ, ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱨᱟᱹᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱞ ᱱᱮᱣᱛᱟᱭᱟ।

ᱣᱤᱣᱨᱚᱱ

ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱜᱮᱞᱯᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱸᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱢᱚᱜ ᱟ । ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱜᱷᱚᱥᱱᱟ ᱡᱮᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ 1 ᱥᱤᱛᱢᱵᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱦᱚᱪᱚᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱟ 1 ᱟᱠᱴᱩᱵᱟᱨ ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱟᱸᱛᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱤᱫᱡᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱣᱟᱥ  ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱥᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ । ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱸᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱨᱚᱥᱥᱤᱛᱯᱛᱨᱚ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱷᱚᱞᱚᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱢᱭ ᱥᱚᱢᱚᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱱᱤᱥᱴᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱟᱤᱪ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱸᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱫ ᱯᱩᱨᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱥᱟᱢᱤᱞ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟ। ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱩᱨᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱵᱷᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜᱜᱟᱠᱷᱩᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ  ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱛᱷᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱸᱜᱚᱴᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ।

ᱥᱚᱛ- ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱡᱤᱠᱱᱭᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤᱛᱟ ᱢᱸᱛᱨᱟᱞᱟᱭ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱣᱮᱵᱥᱟᱤᱴ



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